504 victims of sexual violence were assisted in 2020 by the services of the Madrid municipal center. Less than half managed to formalize the complaint against their attackers. Relatives and acquaintances are, in more than 80% of cases, responsible for sexually assaulting women in their environment. This data, together with that of Spanish and young people, define the profile of the women who go in Madrid to the municipal 24-hour attention center for victims of sexual violence, according to the balance offered this Wednesday by the area of Families, Equality and Social Welfare . Only 17.41% of the women were attacked by unknown persons. Two thirds, 66.77%, were attacked by relatives (37.66%) or close people (29.11%). The center, opened in December 2019, is the first of its kind to come into operation in Spain. The Government wants to implement it in all provinces by 2023.
The person in charge of the social area in the Consistory, Pepe Aniorte, considers “insufficient” that six out of ten women, who came to the center, did not formalize the corresponding complaint. The councilor understands that this type of facility encourages sexually assaulted women to come close to telling what they suffer. In the last 2019 macro-survey on gender violence It was stated that only 11.1% of the cases were able to verbalize it.
Regarding the sociodemographic profile, 63.05% of the victims are of Spanish origin and 36.95% are of foreign origin. Regarding age, 72.86% are under 35 years of age. The highest percentage is between 18 and 24 years of age (33.33%), a range followed by women between 25 and 34 years of age (25.32%). Those under 18 represent 14.21%.
56.52% of the adults have secondary studies and 44.93%, higher. 17.39% stayed in primary studies and 1.20% did not have studies. Regarding their employment situation, 58.59% of women are employed and 3.96% are self-employed. 32.60% are unemployed – a percentage that would rise to 42.70% if the migrants in an irregular situation are counted – and 4.85% are pensioners.
Contact between the center and those affected begins with a phone call. The personnel working at the facilities received 898 calls over the past year, among which 504 victims were detected. Of these, 320 required specialized care to deal with emergency or crisis situations and the other 184 required information and guidance. The rest of the calls were made by family members and people around the victims, professionals, entities and the general population. Of all of them, 406 were women who went in person to the center, whose location is hidden for security reasons, after contacting by phone or being informed of their situation. Of these, only 19 had been attended by social assistance services in 2019. Among the 387 new ones in 2020, a total of 320 went through the immediate comprehensive care service and 67 had suffered sexual violence in the past and did not present any situation that requires immediate attention. In 97 of the cases, the intervention has been extended to family members and people in the immediate environment.
The most direct way to access is by calling the free line 900 869 947, although it can also be done by derivation of other general or specialized resources. The team is made up not only of professionals from the social, legal and psychological fields, but also has intercultural mediation and linguistic interpretation staff.
These facilities have been operating in a pioneering manner in the capital since December 2019. Their objective is to respond to the emergency immediately, either as an attempt or with an attack carried out recently or in the past, and to develop a comprehensive intervention in the short and medium term. that helps to overcome the consequences and facilitates the accompaniment of the woman, according to the area of Families. Last year Asturias joined in launching a center like Madrid and the Government’s intention is that by 2023 there will be at least one 24-hour crisis center in each province as well as in Ceuta and Melilla.